On your keyboard hit Windows Key + R to open the Run dialog and type: gpedit.msc and hit Enter to open Local Group Policy Editor.
Next navigate to Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\Windows Components\OneDrive. In the right panel, double click Prevent the usage of OneDrive for File Storage.
Then here instead of selecting Enabled (as many tutorials suggest to disable OneDrive on Windows 10) I selected Disabled, and saved my changes.
Download and run the latest setup from Microsoft. This time it should prompt for administrative credentials (If the user is not a local admin). Once it has finished the icon should appear in the taskbar and you can use OneDrive normally again.